PrEP, or pre-exposure prophylaxis, is when people at high risk for HIV take HIV medicine daily to lower their chances of getting infected with HIV. A recent Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) analysis estimates that approximately 1.15 million people are at high risk for HIV exposure and could benefit from comprehensive HIV prevention strategies, including PrEP.
What is Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP)?
- Pre = before
- Exposure = coming into contact with HIV
- Prophylaxis = treatment to prevent an infection from happening
The PrEP utilization data on AIDSVu reveal that in 2016, there were 77,120 PrEP users in the U.S., up from 8,786 in 2012. That is a 73 percent increase year over year from 2012 to 2016. However, significant disparities in PrEP use exist across different sexes, age groups, and geographic regions. Nearly 38,000 individuals were newly diagnosed with HIV in 2014, highlighting the need to continue expanding the use of PrEP and other comprehensive HIV prevention strategies.
AIDSVu’s maps visualize data on PrEP use at the state level by year, and break down the data by age and sex. These data and maps offer important information and tools to public health officials, policymakers, and researchers to inform efforts to increase PrEP awareness and increase uptake where it is needed most. Please see the Data Methods page for additional information on the data set and its limitations.
Using the PrEP Data
Public Health Officials & Policy Makers
- Understand local PrEP use and disparities in use to help inform data-driven policies and programs to increase awareness of and access to PrEP.
- Inform Getting to Zero campaigns as PrEP is an essential HIV prevention tool and one of four key focus areas in the National HIV/AIDS Strategy to reduce new HIV infections.
- Identify trends and gaps in PrEP uptake, outline facilitators and barriers to PrEP expansion, and determine areas for further exploration.
- Utilize data and maps to assist with planning processes, resource allocation, presentations, grant writing and review.
- Raise awareness of PrEP use in your community and the need to expand the use of PrEP among those at high risk of getting HIV.
- Educate your elected officials and encourage policy change to increase PrEP awareness and access.
Understand PrEP where you live by exploring AIDSVu’s PrEP utilization map and PrEP services locator.
Beyond the Map
AIDSVu offers tools and resources beyond the HIV map that provide users with a deeper understanding of the HIV epidemic, its socioeconomic-driving factors, and services available at the community level.